...

Consequence Analysis with MACCS2 RIC 2013

by user

on
Category: Documents
11

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

Consequence Analysis with MACCS2 RIC 2013
RIC 2013
Consequence Analysis with MACCS2
Session on Severe Accident Code Analysis and Fukushima
Response Activities
Dr. Keith L. Compton
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research
Division of Systems Analysis, Accident Analysis Branch
March 12, 2013
1
Outline
• Overview
• MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System V.2
(MACCS2) Modules
• MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System V.2
(MACCS2) Pre-processor Codes
• WinMACCS Architecture and Graphical User Interface
• MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System V.2
(MACCS2) Uses
2
Overview: Background
• Tool used to assess the risk and consequence associated
with a hypothetical release of radioactive material to the
atmosphere.
• Evolved from codes used in the 1970’s and the 1980’s.
• Accounts for:
– Transport and dispersion in the atmosphere and deposition to ground
– Exposure due to inhalation, ingestion, and external irradiation
– Protective actions during emergency and long-term phases
• Estimates consequence in terms of:
– Health effects
– Economic impacts
3
1
Overview: Pathways
MACCS2 models the radioactive release to the atmosphere (e.g. plume rise,
dispersion, dry and wet deposition)
MACCS2 estimates the health effects from: inhalation, cloud shine, ground
shine, skin deposition, and ingestion (e.g. water, milk, meat, crops)
4
MACCS2 Modules
• ATMOS
– Atmospheric transport and dispersion
• EARLY (1 day to 1 week)
– Emergency-phase countermeasures and consequences
– Consequence altered by sheltering, evacuation, and relocation
(i.e. Protective Action Guides (PAG))
• CHRONC
– Intermediate (0 to 1 year)
– Long-term consequences (0 to 317 years; 50 years typical use)
– Consequence altered by decontamination, interdiction, and
condemnation (i.e. Protective Action Guides)
5
MACCS2 Preprocessors
• SECPOP2000 code
– US site specific population distribution (based on 2000 census data)
• MELMACCS code
– Utility for creating a MACCS2 formatted source term from MELCOR
• Dose Conversion Factor utility codes and files
– DOSFAC2 code
– FGRDCF code
– ICRP-68/72 file
• COMIDA2 code
– Food chain
– Includes decay and ingrowths
– A standard file is distributed with MACCS2/WinMACCS
6
2
Architecture of WinMACCS
•
LHS
COMIDA2
WinMACCS
Project Files
•
Data
•
Input
•
Output
Input
Output
MACCS2
Project
Settings
•.mxd file
Note: WinMACCS has tools for post processing of
MACCS2 output (e.g. plots of complementary
cumulative distribution function (CCDF))
WinMACCS(Graphical user
interface)
• Organizes all data needed
to run MACCS2
• Constructs input files
• Enables sampling and
processing of uncertain
inputs
• Post-processes results
•
Latin Hypercube Sampling
(LHS): Performs stratified
random sampling of input
variables
•
COMIDA2: Creates food-chain
inputs to MACCS2
•
MACCS2: Analyzes
consequences from
atmospheric release of
radionuclides
7
WinMACCS GUI
8
WinMACCS: Network Model
Input
Radial Evacuation Specification
Network Evacuation Specification
Enables graphical user modeling input implementation of road
networks for population movements in multiple directions
9
3
MACCS2 Uses
• Probabilistic Risk Assessments (e.g., NUREG-1150)
• Severe accident studies (e.g., State-of-the-Art Reactor
Consequence Assessment (SOARCA))
• National Environmental Policy Act Studies;
– License renewal
– New reactor applications
• Other Federal agencies and international organizations
10
Backup Slides
11
List of Acronyms
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CRAC:
DBA:
DCF:
DOE:
EIS:
EPA:
GUI:
LHS:
MACCS:
MACCS2:
NEPA:
NRC:
PAG:
PRA:
SAMA:
SAR:
SOARCA:
Calculation of Reactor Accident Consequences
Design Basis Accident
Dose Conversion Factor (used to calculate doses from exposures)
Department of Energy
Environmental Impact Statement
Environmental Protection Agency
Graphical user interface
Latin Hypercube Sampling
MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System
MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System (version 2)
National Environmental Policy Act
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Protective Action Guides for EPA
Probabilistic Risk Assessment
Severe Accident Mitigation Alternatives
Safety Analysis Report
State-of-the-Art Reactor Consequence Assessment
12
4
References
•
Jow, H-N, J. L. Sprung, J. A. Rollstin, L. T. Ritchie, D. I. Chanin (1990), MELCOR
Accident Consequence Code System (MACCS): Model Description, NUREG/CR4691, Volume 2, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM
•
Chanin, D., M. L. Young, J. Randall, K. Jamali (1998), Code Manual for MACCS2:
Volume 1, User’s Guide, NUREG/CR-6613, Sandia National Laboratories,
Albuquerque, NM
•
Chanin, D., M. L. Young, J. Randall, K. Jamali (1998), Code Manual for MACCS2:
Volume 2, Preprocessor Codes COMIDA2, FGRDCF, IDCF2, NUREG/CR-6613,
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM
•
Young, M. L., D. Chanin (1997 draft), DOSFAC2 User’s Guide, NUREG/CR-6547,
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM
•
Bixler, N. E., S. A. Shannon, C. W. Morrow, B. E. Meloche, and J. N. Ridgely (2003),
SECPOP2000: Sector Population, Land Fraction, and Economic Estimation Program,
NUREG/CR-6525 Rev. 1, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM
13
5
Fly UP