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Like the lily - New Music USA Online Library

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Like the lily - New Music USA Online Library
Frances White
Like the lily
for viola, double bass, and tape
Commissioned by the Institut International de Musique Electroacoustique de Bourges
© 1999 by Frances White. All rights reserved.
Performance notes
Tape playback. The bass and viola should always be louder than the electronic sounds, even
when very quiet (the strings' mezzo forte is somewhat louder than the tape’s mezzo forte, for
example). Therefore, the level of the tape should be set rather low — at its quietest parts it should
be almost inaudible — and the performers should adjust their dynamics so that their sound is
generally in the foreground. In concert, the performers should have stage monitors to help them
hear the electronic part.
The instruments should be very slightly amplified and mixed with the tape playback. This is purely
for the purpose of blending the instrumental and tape sounds: the instruments should never
sound "amplified".
Notes on the score
General. Each system represents a duration of twenty seconds (except for on page 13: see
below). The elapsed time in minutes and seconds (as measured from the start of the tape) is
given at the end of each system. Note that there are no precise rhythmic correspondences
between the tape and the instruments. The performers may use a stop watch to keep track of
time in the broadest sense. However, it is vital to the spirit of this piece that the performers follow
an intuitive, musical sense of time, and avoid any feeling of a mechanical, strictly measured clock
time.
Tape. The tape part can be thought of as a kind of sonic space, within which the instrumentalists
live and find their places: thus the performers should learn the tape part as well as possible
(ideally, memorizing it) so that they can develop a sense of the pacing of this musical space and
of their part within the whole.
Pages 1-11. This notation is meant to serve as a guide for the players — a mnemonic— rather
than as a full representation of the contents of the tape. Only the approximate pitches and attack
points of the most prominent sounds are notated. Sounds that are almost inaudible are notated in
gray. Some events are notated as whole notes with ties: these events include multiple attacks
that run together and become indistinguishable.
Pages 10-15. On page 10, the sound of wind fades in; gradually, the wind is "tuned". These
sustained pitches are indicated as whole notes with ties at the beginning of each system.
Strings. There are two kinds of notation used for the bass and viola in this piece:
1. Notes are shown as whole notes with horizontal lines extending from them, indicating their
durations. Crosses mark the cutoffs. Entrances given in the score show where to start producing
sound; cutoffs indicate the time by which sound has ceased. The placement of notes in time —
both entrances and cutoffs — are approximate (accurate to within a few seconds). Occasionally,
stemless filled notes occur, indicating relatively short notes, usually in the context of a short
phrase. These have no particular duration or rhythm. Also, occasional grace notes appear.
These should be fast.
2. Standard rhythmic notation is used, sometimes metered. Here, the music should simply be
played as notated, and at (approximately) the suggested tempos. In those cases where the music
is metered, a double bar indicates the end of the metered section.
At all times the rhythmic feeling should be flexible and free.
On page 13, the viola plays the chant Alleluia: Justus germinabit, while the bass holds a sustained
e-flat, bowed close to the bridge, and the tape part continues with the pitched wind sound. The
viola begins the chant somewhere after 11:50, and ends somewhere between 12:30 and 12:40.
The chant is placed freely in this space: the systems do not represent 20 second durations on this
page, and therefore the minutes and seconds are not notated. The bass continues to hold the
e-flat for the duration of the chant, and into page 14, as indicated in the score.
In both viola and bass, natural harmonics are written at sounding pitch, and indicated by the small
circle above the note. Artificial harmonics (in the viola part only) are notated in the standard
fashion.
Where phrasing is not shown, it is up to the performers.
Both performers play from the full score, rather than parts.
Playing techniques. Bow changes should be as imperceptible as possible during long sustained
notes. Where vibrato is used, it should be, in general, slight. Sustained notes should emerge and
recede gradually, except where otherwise notated.
Special techniques
Please note that tracks which demonstrate both of the sounds described below are included on
the CDs (for performers) that contain the tape part.
1. In the bass part, there are two instances (on page 6 and during the chant, on pages 13 and 14)
where it is indicated to play close to the bridge while sustaining a long note. Here, the intent is to
allow as many harmonics as possible to emerge and recede, although the fundamental is
retained. The sound should be allowed to evolve freely over time. It should have a feeling of
gentleness, even though rich in harmonics. Because this technique tends to work better on
stopped strings rather than open strings, the D on page 6 should probably not be the open D.
2. Both strings use the flautando technique. This technique involves a combination of varying
bow pressure and placement so that multiple harmonics emerge. The fundamental will frequently
disappear, leaving only the harmonics to be heard. This technique is sometimes used on double
stops as well as single notes. It too works better on stopped rather than open strings.
Like the lily
Frances White
00:20
+
sul ponticello
ordinario;
senza vibrato
+
Va.
niente
+
sul ponticello
Db.
niente
Tape
00:40
ord.
+
sul ponticello
quintuplet motive repeats
until cut-off
Va.
move to ponticello
+
Db.
flautando
Tape
01:00
poco accel.
(quintuplet
motive repeats
until cut-off)
+
+
ord.
quintuplet
motive repeats
until cut-off
flautando
Va.
+
flautando
Db.
Tape
Where standard rhythmic notation is used on this page, tempo is circa
© 1999 by Frances White. All rights reserved.
= 60
–2–
01:20
poco accel.
Va.
(quintuplet motive repeats
until cut-off)
circa
+
= 60
ord.
senza vibrato
+
move to ponticello
niente
Db.
+
niente
Tape
+
Va.
01:40
= 56
circa
con vibrato
+
Db.
ordinario
con vibrato
Tape
niente
02:00
+
senza vibrato
Va.
niente
+
Db.
Tape
senza vibrato
+
–3–
02:20
+
+
Va.
+
Db.
Tape
02:40
arco
con vib.
pizz.
+
Va.
(senza vib.)
Db.
Tape
03:00
+
Va.
vibrato fades away
+
Db.
niente
Tape
–4–
03:20
+
pizz.
Va.
l.v.
Db.
Tape
03:40
Va.
Db.
Tape
04:00
arco (senza vib.)
Va.
Db.
Tape
+
–5–
04:20
Va.
+
Db.
Tape
04:40
+
Va.
gliss
con vib.
Db.
Tape
05:00
+
Va.
+
Db.
Tape
Where standard rhythmic notation is used on this page, tempo is circa
= 60
–6–
05:20
+
+
= 69
circa
poco accel.
Va.
Db.
Tape
05:40
+
+
Va.
niente
sul ponticello
senza vibrato
Db.
(Bow close to the bridge, allowing as many harmonics as possible to emerge for the duration of this note)
Tape
+
ordinario
senza vibrato
Va.
+
Db.
niente
Tape
06:00
–7–
06:20
Va.
senza vibrato
Db.
Tape
06:40
+
+
Va.
+
Db.
Tape
07:00
+
Va.
+
Db.
Tape
+
–8–
07:20
+
+
con vibrato
Va.
niente
+
+
con vibrato
Db.
+
Tape
07:40
+
+
+
+
Va.
(together)
+
+
+
Db.
Tape
08:00
circa
= 50
circa
= 69
legato
Va.
+
Db.
legato
Tape
pizz
–9 –
8:20
Va.
+
Db.
arco
Tape
8:40
+
+
Va.
+
Db.
Tape
9:00
+
Va.
+
Db.
Tape
+
– 10 –
9:20
+
Va.
niente
flautando (senza vibrato)
Db.
Tape
9:40
Va.
flautando (senza vibrato)
+
Db.
niente
Tape
sound of wind begins
niente
10:00
Va.
+
ord.
Db.
Tape
+
– 11 –
10:20
+
ord.
+
Va.
niente
Db.
flautando (senza vibrato)
Tape
10:40
+
+
Va.
niente
Db.
Tape
11:00
+
Va.
niente
+
Db.
niente
Tape
– 12 –
11:20
emerge from tape sound
Va.
niente
pizz
Db.
l.v.
Tape
11:40
+
Va.
(ord.)
arco
+
pizz
Db.
l.v.
Tape
Where standard rhythmic notation is used on this page, tempo is circa
= 48
– 13 –
+
11:50
Alleluia: Justus germinabit
senza vibrato
circa
= 60
Va.
Legato: phrase as if singing. Rhythmically
fluid and free.
arco
Db.
niente
(Bow close to the bridge, allowing as many harmonics as possible to emerge for the duration of this note. Note sustains for the duration of the
chant, and ends as indicated on page 14.)
Tape
Va.
Db.
Tape
Va.
Db.
Tape
ritard
Va.
Chant ends between 12:30 and
12:40
Db.
Tape
– 14 –
(12:40)
13:00
+
Va.
niente
circa
+
= 48
pizz.
Db.
niente
l.v.
Tape
13:20
Va.
arco
+
+
Db.
niente
Tape
13:40
+
Va.
niente
fade into tape's sound
Db.
Tape
– 15 –
14:00
Va.
Db.
Tape
(pitches fade out)
14:20
Va.
Db.
Tape
(wind sound fades away)
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