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Diapositiva 1

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Diapositiva 1
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
ENG. ANTONELLO RICCARDI
SECTOR 08
ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRATED AUTHORIZATION
It is the provision that authorizes the operation of a plant, or
part of it under certain conditions to ensure its conformity with
the requirements set out in Title III-bis Part Two
Legislative Decree 152 of April 3rd , 2006
issued pursuant to Directive 2008/01/CE IPPC
(Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control).
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK
The IPPC was introduced with the Directive 96/61/EC of 24
November 1996, repealed and replaced by Directive 2008/1/EC of
15 January 2008 (hereafter referred to as "the IPPC Directive"), and
in turn repealed by Directive 2010/75/EU.
In Italy the Directive 96/61/EC was adopted by LD n. 372/1999,
which introduced into the national Environmental Integrated
Authorisation (Autorizzazione Integrata Ambientale- AIA) concerning
the existing industrial plants. As a result, the decree is repealed by
Legislative Decree n. 59/2005 extending the implementation of the
AIA to new installations and substantial changes made to existing
plants.
On August 26 2010, the Legislative Decree 128/2010 entered into
force which involves some changes to the Environment Code
(Testo Unico Ambientale). This Decree repeals the Decree
59/2005 that is absorbed entirely by the Legislative Decree
152/06 and subsequent amendments Title III-bis of Part II.
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
THE ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRATED AUTHORIZATION
REPLACES:
1. Authorization for the emission to the atmosphere, according to the
health aspects
2. Authorization to dumping
3. Unique authorization for new disposal plants and waste collection
4. Authorization for the disposal of products containg PCB-PCT (LD
May 22, 1999 n. 209, art.7)
5. Authorization to using mud derived from the purification process in
agriculture (LD January 27, 1992, n. 99, art. 9).
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
ADAPTATION TO THE BEST AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES
The IPPC discipline started a process of adaptation of
European plants to the best available techniques,
according, at Community level, to the documents BRef
(BAT Reference), and defined, in Italy, in the
Guidelines for the identification and use of Best
Available Techniques (art. 29-bis, clause 1 of
Legislative Decree n. 152/06 with amendments)
processed (most being processed) by the Commission
to the ex art. 3, clause 2, of Legislative Decree n.
327/99.
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
BEST AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGIES (BAT)
The IPPC Directive introduces the concept of emission limit values​​,
technology and management standards-based of best available
technologies. Best available technologies refer not only to the process
technology, but also the design, management, maintenance,
commissioning and decommissioning. The use of BAT tends to minimize
the environmental impact of a given plant through an integrated set of
actions that affect the overall process. The implementation of BAT is a
reference to determine the conditions and emission limits that can be
achieved with any technique.
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
COMPETENT AUTHORITY FOR THE ISSUE OF A.I.A. (ENVIRONMENTAL
INTEGRATED AUTHORIZATION)
The Italian Ministry of Environment and Protection of Land and Sea, for new
and existing plants listed in Annex XII in the Part II of the L.D.152/2006 (large
combustion plants, integrated steel mills for the initial smelting, refineries, large
chemical plants)
The Region for plants, as in the Annex VIII point 5
Waste Management Plants
The Province for plants as in the Annex VIII Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 Part II of L.D.
152/2006
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
PLANTS SUBJECTS TO IPPC OF PROVINCE COMPETENCE
All the plants listed in Annex VIII Part II of L.D. 152/06 and subsequent amendments relating
to:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Energy actions
Production and steel transformation
Mineral products Industry
Chemical industry
Industrial plants for the production of pulp for paper and paper
Pre-treatments textiles for treatments exceeding 50 tons per day
Leather tans with more than 12t/d
Slaughterhouses with more than 50 t/d; manufacture of food products (depending on
the initial quantities of raw materials used)
Intensive rearing of poultry and pigs
Treatment of surfaces or materials with organic solvents (in excess of 150 kg per day
or 200 tons per year)
Production of carbon
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
THE ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRATED AUTHORIZATIONS ISSUED BY THE
PROVINCE OF VITERBO ARE 9 WHILE 4 ARE IN PRELIMINARY
INVESTIGATION:
• 1 gas compression plant with a rated thermal force exceeding 50 MW combustion (IPPC Code 1.1)
• 1 plant for the manufacture of ceramic products by firing, with a production capacity of over 75 tons per day
and/or with a kiln capacity exceeding 4 m3 and with a density per kiln exceeding 300 kg/m3 (Cod . IPPC 3.5)
• 1 plant for the intensive rearing of pigs with more than 2,000 places for pigs over 30 kg (IPPC Code 6.6 b)
• 4 plants for the intensive rearing of poultry with more than 40,000 places for poultry (IPPC Code 6.6. A)
• 1 plants for the production of papers and cardboards with a production capacity exceeding 20 tons per day
(IPPC Code 6.1 b)
• 1 system that uses a chemical or biological process for the manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products
(Cod IPPC 4.5)
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
SOME EXAPLES OF EMISSIONS CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS (WATER-AIR) ADOPTED BY THE
PROVINCE OF VITERBO FOR INDUSTRIAL PLANTS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PAPERS AND
CARDBOARDS WITH A PRODUCTION CAPACITY EXCEEDING 20 TONS PER DAY
Measures for the reduction of emissions to the water
• Separation of process water with different content of pollutants and its recirculation
• Installation of an equalization basin and of a system of primary treatment of sewage
• the water produced during the dehydration process of the pulp are retrieved, then directed to the treatment
plant and recycled
• all areas where the machineries are located, are made with collection system pavings that also intercept
water that may escape in case of accidental breakage and failures, and that are recovered, than directed to
the treatment plant and recycled
• the plant is equipped with a system of rainwater harvesting from covers and yards, they also directed to the
treatment plant and recycled
Measures for the reduction of emissions to the air
• Use of fuel with low sulphur content
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
SOME EXAPLES OF EMISSIONS CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS (WATER-AIR) ADOPTED BY THE
PROVINCE OF VITERBO FOR PLANTS FOR THE INTENSIVE REARING OF POULTRY WITH MORE
THAN 40,000 PLACES
Consuming reduction of water
•Use of water-holes that avoid water waste on the litter (drop-waste systems)
•Cleaning of the locations and equipments with high pressure water or by steam jet when it is at the end of
the cycle and the animals are taken off
•Installation and maintenance of the efficiency of water measurements in order to have a reliable
calculation of the consumption to be recorded at least monthly to monitor the usage and losses
Reduction of NH3 in bird refuges
•Refuges with pavings completely covered with litter and saving-water holes to reduce over-consumption
of water, due to wet of the same litter and to putrid fermentation that can, in turn, increase emissions
• Refuges with an optimization of the termic and ventilation (also artificial) isolation with a litter that covers
entirely pavings and water-holes as described above
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
Reduction of the emissions from the shovellable materials storage
•The manure is extracted from the barn by a power shovel and part of it is immediatly sold for an
agronomic usage outside the Region. In case of non-immediate availability of the carrier, there is a
platform for the storage, usually limited to a few days of waiting.
Reduction of emissions from the agronomic wastewater spreading
• Incorporation of manure by ploughing within 24 hours
Good practices in the agronomic use of effluents
• Examination of the characteristics of the soil in the spill plan. In particular, the soil conditions, soil type
and its slope, rainfall and quantities made ​with water irrigation, land use and agricultural practices,
including the type of rotation
• Manure spreading as much as possible close to the phase of maximum crop growth and nutrient removal
• Over a distance of at least 5 m from the side of natural water course and those non-dammed of the main
lattice of drainage
• Avoid spreading manure on land saturated with water, flooded, frozen or snow-covered
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
The competent authority issuing
the E.I.A. establishes emission
limit values ​taking into account
the indicative list of the main
pollutants, in the Appendix X,
Part II of Legislative Decree
152/06 e
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
Air:
1. Sulphur dioxide and other sulfur
compounds.
2. Oxides of nitrogen and other nitrogen
compounds.
3. Carbon monoxide.
4. Volatile organic compounds.
5. Metals and their compounds.
6. Dust.
7. Asbestos (suspended particulates and
fibers).
8. Chlorine and its compounds.
9. Fluorine and its compounds.
10. Arsenic and its compounds.
11. Cyanides.
12. Substances and preparations which
have been proved to possess carcinogenic
or mutagenic properties which may affect
reproduction when they are emitted in the
atmosphere.
13. Policlorodibenzodiossina (PCDD) and
polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF).
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
The competent authority issuing
the E.I.A. establishes emission
limit values ​taking into account
the indicative list of the main
pollutants, in the Appendix X,
Part II of Legislative Decree
152/06 e
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
Water:
1. Organohalogen compounds and
substances which may form such
compounds in the aquatic environment.
2. Organophosphorus compounds.
3. Organic tin compounds.
4. Substances and preparations which have
been proved to possess carcinogenic or
mutagenic properties which may affect
reproduction in or via the aquatic
environment.
5. Persistent hydrocarbons and persistent
and bioaccumulative toxic organic
substances.
6. Cyanides.
7. Metals and their compounds.
8. Arsenic and its compounds.
9. Biocides and plant health products.
10.Materials in suspension.
11. Substances which contribute to
eutrophication (nitrogen and phosphorus, in
particular).
12. Substances which have an unfavorable
influence on the oxygen balance (and can be
measured using parameters such as BOD,
COD).
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
Emission point
Pollutant
Limit of concentartion
mg/ Nm3
Dust
30
NOx
150
SOx
100
Fluorine and its compounds(HF)
3
Total dusts
10
NOx
150
SOx
500
Total dusts
10
NOx
150
SOx
500
Plant
Pre-processing
and
millwork
by
conveyor belt
Dust
10
Steam generator
Dust
5
NOx
350
SOx
35
Dust
5
NOx
500
Methan kiln
Limits set by the
Province of Viterbo
for the plant for the
manufacture of
ceramic products by
firing, with a
production capacity of
over 75 tonnes per
day and / or with a kiln
capacity exceeding 4
m3 and with a density
of casting per kiln
over than 300 kg/m3
(IPPC Code 3.5)
Tunnel dry kiln siena
Tunnel dry kiln siena
Pacaging with shrink
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
Environmental Integrated Authorizations
issued by the Region of Lazio in the Province
of Viterbo are 5
among these there are the waste treatment
plant in “Casale Bussi” and the landfill in
“Le Fornaci”, both in the municipality of
Viterbo and managed by the Ecology Society
Viterbo srl.
These plants will be visited in the afternoon
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
The unique Environmental Integrated Authorization
issued by the Ministry of Environment in the
Province of Viterbo is in the thermoelectric multi-fuel
power plant Enel SpA Production "Alessandro Volta"
in Montalto di Castro
This plant is methane and/or fuel oil STZ supplied and
is composed of four groups steam of 660 MW each
and
eight gas turbines by about 120 MW each
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
On March 14th 2012
In the Official Bulletin
of Lazio Region
was published
REGIONAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
The part VIII of
REGIONAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN
Is about the reclamation of contaminated sites
A site is defined as contaminated if in its soils and/or in
its groundwaters risk concentrations exceed the
thresholds, defined after the preparation of specific
site Risk Analysis
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
In the Province of Viterbo there are more than 200 open
procedures for reclamation of potentially contaminated
sites, although it mainly relates to minor contaminations
due to accidental spill of substances containing
hydrocarbons
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
The reclamation process can be briefly summarized in the following points:
1. accidental spill and/or illegal disposal of waste;
2. preliminary investigation to determine whether in the soil and / or
groundwater an exceeding of threshold concentration of
contamination is detected;
3. preparation and implementation of a plan to ensure the effective threedimensional extent of the contamination;
4. drawing of the environmental / health risk assessment;
5. preparation and implementation of a reclamation project and / or
operational safety and / or permanent safety
Gestione Ambientale Verificata
N. Registro I - 000106
PROVINCE OF VITERBO
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
SECTOR 08
The reference standard for the reclamation of a contaminated site is the following:
1. D.Lgs.152/06 with following amendments Part IV Title V,
2. D.M. 471/99
3. L.R. 27/98 with the following amendments
4. D.G.R. 451/08
The Province is the local authority responsible for overseeing the whole reclamation
process issuing the final certificate for the reclamation of the site
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