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Descriptive Adjectives

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Descriptive Adjectives
Descriptive Adjectives
Italian Grammar
The question, “Com’è?”
meaning, “How is it?”
• Answering this question requires the
knowledge of using descriptive adjectives.
• For example in English a descriptive adjective
is, “pretty.”
• The pretty (adjective) girl (noun).
• Descriptive adjectives are words that modify
or describe nouns (person, place or thing).
Regole/Rules
• In Italian, adjectives are usually placed after
the noun they modify in a sentence.
• For example:
• È una casa bella.
• It is a pretty/beautiful house.
Ancora Regole/ More Rules
• Italian adjectives agree in:
gender (masculine or feminine) and
in number (singular or plural)
with the nouns they modify.
• In other words, the final vowel is changed
according to the gender and number being
modified.
Adjective-Noun Agreement
• For example when modifying masculine
nouns with adjectives such as bello the end is
–o only if it is singular and when it is plural it
ends in –i making it belli.
Singolare
Plurale
Maschile
Il bambino bello
I bambini belli
Femminile
La bambina bella
Le bambine belle
bello
Singular: Il bambino bello
Plural: I bambini belli
Regole
• For example, when modifying feminine nouns
with adjectives such as bella the end is –a
only if it is singular and when it is plural it
ends in –e making it belle.
Singular:
La bambina bella
Plural:
Le bambine belle
Recap
• First look at the noun, and then determine if it is
masculine or feminine and singular or plural.
• Finally, choose the correct ending for the
adjective:
-o for m. s.
-i for m. pl.
-a for f. s.
-e for f. p.
Esercizi: (exercises)
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Com’è il bambino?
Il bambino è
.
How is the boy?
The boy is pretty. (m.s.)
Com’è la bambina?
La bambina è
.
How is the girl?
The girl is pretty. (f. s.)
Come sono le bambine?
Le bambine sono
.
Come sono i bambini?
I bambini sono
How are the girls?
The girls are pretty (f. p).
.
How are the boys?
The boys are pretty (m.p.)
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