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Diapositiva 1 - ResearchGate

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Diapositiva 1 - ResearchGate
FIT4WASTE COLLECTORS PROJECT: wellness at workplace: Phase 1
Marco Gervasi1, Anna Rita Calavalle1, Davide Sisti1, Valentina Bottos1, Marco Rocchi1.
1Biomolecular Sciences Dept - University OF Urbino Carlo Bo Italy
Email: [email protected]
INTRODUCTION: An ever growing number of studies have shown that regular physical activity (PA) lowers the risk for cardiovascular and
metabolic disease, as well as lowering the risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Furthermore, PA has positive treatment and/or preventive
effects on a multitude of other conditions such as mental health, osteoporosis, risk of falls and quality of life. Today, the great challenge is to translate
the known health and well-being benefits of PA into practical use, ultimately making PA a regular treatment and prevention modality in the
Healthcare System. Our Project considered solid waste collectors that are exposed to occupational health related problems from waste materials and
physical effort they exert in waste handling
AIM:
The first aim of this study was to assess a sample of waste collectors lifestyles,
their perception about one's own quality of life and if they were suffering by
chronic lower-back pain. The results will be useful in order to prevent and to
reduce work-related pathologies and muscular dysfunctions in the phase 2 of the
Project.
4
Unhealthy
Healthy
3.5
Scoring
2.5
1_OSSFAD (Osservatorio Fumo Alcol e Droga)
Questionnaire assessed by the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS,
Italy) about different habits: physical activity, smoking,
nutrition and drug usage.
3_QBPDS (Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale) to assess
chronic Low Back Pain level.
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60
40
20
20
40
60
Area Fisica
80
60
40
salse
cibi pronti
brioche/cornetto
0
0
Area ambienti
80
panini imb./ tramezz.
20
100
y = 0.946x + 7.751
R=0.631
dolci
40
20
100
100
biscotti
frutta
verdura
formaggi stagionati
60
0
0
RESULTS:
y = 0.619x + 31.90
R=0.521
80
20
40
60
Area Fisica
80
100
0
20
100
40
Psicologica
60
80
80
100
90
60
80
40
70
20
0
100
60
40
20
40
60
Area Fisica
80
100
y = 0.252x + 48.50
R² = 0.403
80
Ambiente
80
20
100
y = 0.462x + 34.05
R=0.492
20
40
Psicologica
60
80
100
50
40
20
60
10
40
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Scoring Quebec
0
0
60
30
20
0
The LCA highlighted 2 latent classes of subjects, characterized
by different patterns of nutrition: class 1 “unhealthy” (which
diet had a prevalence of refined carbohydrates) and class 2
“healthy” (having more fruits and vegetables consumption).
Moreover the class 2 “unhealthy” registered a higher smoking
level. The WHOQOL data revealed that physical area is linked
among both psychological and social relationships areas. The
QBPDS data registered only 2 participants was affected by
chronic low back pain. This data has to be considered in
programming the PA protocol.
y = 0.340x + 43.04
R²=0.457
0
0
Univariate and bivariate descriptive statistic were performed
using WHOQOL and QPBDS data. The latent class analysis
(LCA) was applied on the first questionnaire data (OSSFAD).
Freq cumulate
80
formaggi freschi
salumi
uova
pesce
legumi (zuppe)
carne bianca
carne rossa
cereali (zuppe)
pasta e/o riso
pane
patate
100
y = 0.445x + 40.84
R=0.561
rapporti sociali
Area psicologica
100
fette biscottate
fiocchi di cereali
pizza
1
merendine…
1.5
Rapporti sociali
A sample of fifty waste collectors employed by SAGER s.r.l
(Villesse, GO, Italy) compiled three different types of
questionnaires.
2_the WHOQOL-brief (Work Health Organization Quality
of Life) about physical and psychological health, social
relationships and environmental issues.
3
Ambiente
METHOD:
0
20
40
Sociale
60
80
100
CONCLUSION:
Our results confirmed how much physical area perception is related to
psychological and well-being mood. A large number of scientific evidences
suggest us that an appropriate PA could enhance the self esteem, the physical
well-being and can lead to an healthy way of life. In the Phase 2 of our Project
we will collect the physiological data to build a personal tailored PA program to
improve wellness and to prevent injuries among the SAGER employers. We thank
all the volunteers and Dott. Andrea Babos, S.A.G.E.R.S.r.l. manager.
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45
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