•3/4/2015 CNSC Perspective on Nuclear Research

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•3/4/2015 CNSC Perspective on Nuclear Research
CNSC Perspective on Nuclear
Gerry Frappier
Director General, Assessment & Analysis
Presentation to RIC Conference 2015
March 11, 2015
e-Docs # 4638422
• Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC)
• Research needs from CNSC (Research Areas)
• Domestic Nuclear Power Landscape and Major
Changes to Nuclear Infrastructure
• International Research Collaboration
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
Established in May 2000, under the Nuclear Safety and
Control Act
Replaced the Atomic Energy and Control Board (AECB) under the
1946 Atomic Energy Control Act
Regulates the use of nuclear energy and materials to protect the
health, safety and security of Canadians and the
Implements Canada's international commitments on the
peaceful use of nuclear energy
Disseminates objective scientific, technical and regulatory
information to the public
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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CNSC Regulates All Nuclear-Related
Facilities and Activities
• Uranium mines and mills
o 5 uranium mines
• Uranium fuel fabricators and processing
o 8 processing and fuel fabrication facilities
• Nuclear power plants
o 4 sites, 19 operating reactors
Waste management facilities
Nuclear substance processing
Industrial and medical applications
Nuclear research and educational
Export/import control
… From cradle to grave
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Research Needs of the CNSC
1. Physical Design
– New designs of nuclear technologies introduce innovative aspects
which require research in support of establishing regulatory positions
2. Fitness for Service
– Due to ageing of CANDU reactors in Canada, comprehensive research
is required to ensure fitness for service for safe continued operation
of the reactors
– Refurbishment of current fleet to provide Long Term Operation will
be a major program over the next 15 years resulting in research
3. Safety Analysis
– Due to the aging reactors, safety margins are being challenged and
independent verification is required
– Research capabilities for code validation need to be maintained
– Probabilistic Analysis is also playing a more prominent role using
advanced statistical approaches to analyze risk and uncertainty
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Research Needs of the CNSC (cont’d)
4. Safeguards and Security
– Protecting nuclear facilities and nuclear materials from malevolent acts and to
review the effect that these threats have on design requirements & physical
protection of nuclear material
5. Waste Safety
– Assessing long-term performance of in-pit uranium tailings management
– Evaluating long-term safety issues related to the long-term management of
radioactive waste in crystalline and sedimentary rocks
– Address uncertainties related to the long term performance of natural and
engineered barriers
6. Environmental Protection
– Incorporate latest science into human and ecological risk assessment
– Ensuring adequate understanding of effects (nuclear and hazardous
substances, physical impacts) on biological and ecological systems
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Research Needs of the CNSC (cont’d)
7. Radiation Protection (RP)
– Operational RP: identifying best practices and new science that may
influence the CNSC RP framework
– Dosimetry: behaviour of nuclear substances with respect to the
human body and its consequences on dose
– Human Health Effects: Assessing risk and conducting disease
surveillance of exposed populations
8. Human Performance Management
– Research is needed in Human & Organizational Factors
– A better understanding of Human Performance in Emergency &
Accident Response
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Domestic Nuclear Power Landscape & Major
Changes to Research Infrastructure
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Nuclear Power in Canada
• The Province of Ontario’s Long-Term Energy
• Maintains Nuclear power as a significant contributor
to the electricity needs of Ontario (currently 60%)
• Plans refurbishments of existing Nuclear Power
Plants (Darlington & Bruce), beginning in 2016
• increases contribution from solar, wind and
conservation and maintains the elimination of coal
• The Province of New Brunswick
• NB Power recently completed refurbishment of
Point Lepreau Nuclear Power Plant
• Represents 35% of electricity needs
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Key Activities in the coming years
affecting Research
• Decommissioning
• NRU Reactor, Pickering units and Gentilly-2
• Demonstration reactors and aged infrastructure at
Chalk River Laboratories
• CNSC benchmarking international best
practices on decommissioning activity
• Expanding CNSC Independent Research Program for
Deep Geological Repositories (DGR)
– Nuclear Waste Management Organization’s Adaptive Phase
Management initiative for a DGR for Canada’s spent fuel – site
not known – crystalline or sedimentary
– OPG’s DGR for it’s low and intermediate-level radioactive
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Major Change in Domestic
• Restructuring of Atomic Energy Canada Limited
• With AECL’s restructuring, the Federal Government
has established a “national nuclear laboratory” with
mandates that can support the needs of government,
industry and society
• On November 4, 2014 Canadian Nuclear Laboratories
(CNL) was created in preparation for switching to a
Government Owned Contractor Operated (GoCo)
• New relationships between governments, utilities,
industry and international research organizations are
being established
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL)
• The experience, expertise and facilities long
associated with AECL will now be offered through
a new organization
• CNL is Canada’s premier nuclear science and
technology organization. CNL has been a world
leader in developing peaceful and innovative
applications from nuclear technology through its
expertise in physics, metallurgy, chemistry, biology
and engineering
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL)
3 (+1) Mandates
1. Support government in its obligation to manage
historic and legacy liabilities at AECL sites and other
2. Provide nuclear science and technology (S&T)
capabilities and services to federal government
departments and agencies
3. Support the nuclear industry’s need for in-depth
research and development and test and evaluation
---------------------------------------------------------------------------4. Participate in an industry-driven, cost-shared nuclear
innovation agenda (following further evaluation by
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL)
• In response to the 2nd mandate, a federal
committee now exists to assess S&T (research)
needs of the federal government for CNL
• Research would fall under the following areas:
Theme Area
Supporting the development of biological applications and understanding
the implications of radiation on living things
Enhancing national and global security by supporting non-proliferation and
Nuclear preparedness and emergency response
Supporting safe, secure and responsible use and development of nuclear
Supporting environmental stewardship and radioactive waste management
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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NPP Research Stakeholders –
Natural Resources Canada
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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CANDU Owner’s Group (COG)
• COG undertakes research on behalf of its
members in order to improve performance of
CANDU Stations worldwide
• Areas include:
Fuel Channel Life Management
Support to safety and licensing assessments
Health, safety and environment
Chemistry, materials and components
Industry Standard Tool Set
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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International Research Collaboration
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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International Research Collaboration
• CNSC is reviewing common international
research needs to ensure leveraging of
• Working on enhanced collaboration with other
CANDU countries
• Working with other regulators to:
– Identify key research needs
– Ensure common research needs are shared
– Ensure knowledge generated can be used in a
harmonized approach
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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International Research Collaboration
• Agreement between the US Department of Energy and
Natural Resources Canada including Atomic Energy of
Canada Limited (AECL) for Collaboration in the Area of
Nuclear Energy Research and Development
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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IAEA Research Collaboration
• Examples of IAEA collaboration
– Coordinated Research Program (CRP) on
Evaluation of Materials from Decommissioned
– International Generic Aging Lessons Learned
– International Seismic Safety Centre (ISSC)
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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OECD/NEA Research Collaboration
• Examples of OECD/NEA collaborations
– Hazards: Fire Incident Records Exchange and
PRISM Project
– Ageing: Component Operational Experience
Degradation and Ageing Programme and Cable
Ageing Data and Knowledge
– New Designs & Standard Harmonization:
Multinational Design Evaluation Program
– Committee on Safety of Nuclear Installations
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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Bilateral Research Collaboration
• Examples of bilateral collaborations
– Modelling: US NRC Thermal-hydraulic Code
Applications & Maintenance Program (CAMP)
and US NRC Radiation Protection Code
Analysis & Maintenance Program (RAMP)
– CNSC collaborates with the IRSN to model two
experiments: SEALEX (Tournemire) and HE-E
(Mont Terri)
– CNSC participates in DECOVALEX: international
collaborative project for the modelling of ThermoHydro-Mechanical-Chemical experiments in rocks
and seals
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
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• CNSC continues to have research needs to
maintain the current reactor fleet and address
emerging issues
• CNSC will continue to provide input to Natural
Resources Canada on the restructuring of
AECL to the new GoCo model for CNL
• CNSC views international collaboration as a
key to success and will continue to work with
international partners on common research
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
eDoc 4638422
Canadian Nuclear Safety
© CNSC Copyright 2013
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