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applications for air regeneration, biocide water

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applications for air regeneration, biocide water
ISLSWG WORKSHOP BIOREGENERATIVE LIFE SUPPORT
Turin, 18-19 May 2015
APPLICATIONS FOR AIR REGENERATION, BIOCIDE
WATER MANAGEMENT AND MINISWITCH FOR
ENERGY CONTENT
Ornella Ursini , Giancarlo Angelini
Institute of Chemical Methodologies-National Research Council of Italy
Via Salaria Km. 29,300-00015 Monterotondo-Rome
[email protected] [email protected]
Air and water filtration management technologies
Regenerable
Laminar flow device
effective in
removing
completely most of
the chemical
warfare agents
(Pat. PCT
WO2010/128534A1
) and VOC
Extraction of Specific
Chemical
Contaminants in the
air from Closed Loop
Environments (ESA
Project):
regenerable filtration
with selective
desorbtion
Biocide analysis
Investigation on
wetted surface
materials with
SEM analysis ,
X-ray fluorescence
and Atomic force
microscopy
Miniaturized
Thermal
Switch
2
WHO WE ARE
Institute of Chemical
Methodologies
Chemistry and
Radiochemistry for the
Development of Products
and Processes
Responsible: Dr. Ornella Ursini
Sustainable Technologies for Food
and Agriculture
Analytical Processes for
Nutraceuticals and Drugs
Metabolomics of Biological
Systems in Food Science
Nanomedicine and Molecular
Recognition
Environmental Survey and Cultural
Promotion of the Territory
WHAT WE DO
Radiation Chemistry. Effects of ionizing radiations on:
•Material,
•Chemical compound,
•Biological molecule (aminoacids adsorbed on porous)
•Vegetable systems
Environmental Chemistry. Diagnostics and technologies:
-Abatement of pollutant and pathogen in water and indoor,
-Abatement of VOC level from waste apparatous,
-Chelating materials for adsorption of pollutants in water
Green Chemistry. Sustainable chemical processes:
•Applied to plant crops,
•Exploitation of waste vegetable materials
Chemistry and
Radiochemistry for the
Development of Products
and Processes
Chemistry. Physical-chemical characterization of:
•Process,
•Product,
•Special material,
•Metabolite
•Biological molecule
OUR FACILITIES
Chemical characterization by chromatography and spectroscopy
GC system
HPLC system
UV-Vis spectrometer
FT-IR spectrometer
Chemical characterization by mass spectrometry and thermogravimetric analyses
GC/MS/ Desorber system
GC/MS system
HPLC/MS system
FT-Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass
Spectrometry
ICP/MS system (IRSA collaboration)
TGA/DSC system
Chemical and physical characterization by surface microscopy
AFM-Atomic Force
Microscopy
SEM/EDS - Scanning Electron Microscopy / Energy
Dispersive Spectroscopy (IGAG collaboration)
Optical Microscopy
Mechanical and electronic workshops
Co-60 gamma radiation source.
WHAT WE DID
2001- ASI Project-Trans-Mediterranean flight of stratospheric balloons (BIRBA I)
Effects of stratospheric radiations on photosynthetic organisms
Principal contractor: IMC_CNR-Roma Collaboration : Dr. Giardi_CNR-Roma
2002- ASI Project-Trans-Mediterranean flight of stratospheric balloons (BIRBA II)
Effects of stratospheric radiations on human glioblastoma cells
Principal contractor: IMC_CNR-Roma Collaboration : Prof. Cerù_ Univ. L’Aquila
2011- ESA Project- Extraction of specific chemical contaminants in the air
Principal contractor: AeroSekur SpA, Subcontractor: IMC_CNR-Roma
Collaboration : Astrium GmBH ; Actinium Chemical Research_Roma
2013- ESA Project- Miniaturized Heat Switch Technology
Principal contractor: AeroSekur SpA , Subcontractor: IMC_CNR-Roma
2014- ESA Project- Biocide Management for Long-Term water Storage
Principal contractor: AeroSekur SpA, Subcontractor: IMC_CNR-Roma
Collaboration: TASI_Torino, SMAT_Torino, Actinium Chemical Research_Roma
2011- ESA Project- Extraction of specific chemical contaminants in the air
Subcontractor: IMC_CNR-Roma
Giancarlo Angelini, Ornella Ursini, Edo Lilla, Roberto Moscardelli,Paolo Ciccioli,
Ettore Guerriero (IIA_CNR), Franco Cataldo (ACR_Roma)
Chemical and physical characterization by Desorber/GC/MS, FT-IR, TGA/DSC
Desorber GC/MS system
FT-IR spectrometer
TGA/DSC system
Technological workshops
Mechanical
Clean Air
Polluted Air
Electronic
2011- ESA Project- Extraction of specific chemical contaminants in the air
Melissa: more than 100 VOC at total 140 ppm
We selected as rapresentative of different
classes of compounds:
•Ethanol
•Carbon disulfide
•Tetrahydrofuran
•2-methyl-2-butene
•Iso-propylamine
•Toluene
Internal diameter 3
mm, tube length
30cm. collection
efficiency > 95%
for gases with
D=0.28 cm2/ s,
flow rates 1 L/min
Our Melissa simulator
CDS
2-MBE
ISPA
350
450
TOL
2-MB
40
THF
20
CSD
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
Time (min)
1.4
THF
1.2
2-MB
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
CSD
ETH
ISPA
TOL
0.2
0
-0.2
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
Time (min)
350
400
450
500
% Recovery
50
This simple
filtering based on
diffusion can last
19 days at a flow
350
400
450
500
rate of
2 mL/min
before the BTV of
the less eluted
compound is
reached.
60
40
30
20
10
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
•Simple
•No CO2 and H2O retaining
•Use of different
adsorp.materials
•High break-through volumes
•No head pressure
•Two systems in parallel
•Easy releasing
•Easy regeneration
ISPA
ETH
2-MB
400
500
550
600
He 30mL/min, 2°/min
T (°C)
CDS
THF
TOL
40
35
% of recovered products
% of total FID response
THF
60
80
ETH
(D SFiD/D t)
ETH
70
100
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
temperature °C
400
450
500
550
vacuum, 8°/min
600
2014-ESA Project- Biocide Management for Long-Term water Storage
Subcontractor: IMC_CNR-Roma
Ornella Ursini, Giancarlo Angelini, Simona Boccuti, Alessandro Tozzi, Marco Albano (IGAG-CNR),
Domenico Mastroianni (IRSA_CNR), Franco Cataldo (ACR_Roma)
Chemical and physical characterization by surface microscopy
Atomic Force
SEM/EDS (IGAG collaboration)
Water analyses
Optical
ICP/MS system (IRSA collaboration)
2013- ESA Project- Miniaturized Heat Switch Technology
Subcontractor: IMC_CNR-Roma
Ornella Ursini, Giancarlo Angelini, Fabrizio Carnevaletti, Roberto Moscardelli
Chemical and physical characterization by GC/MS, FT-IR, TGA/DSC, climatic chamber
GC/MS/ system
FT-IR spectrometer
TGA/DSC system
Technological workshops
Mechanical
Electronic
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