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Bifidobacterium. spp. 2007. Bifidobacterium. www.gmc.com.my., 25th April
Cash H.L., and Hooper L.V. 2005. Commensal Bacteria Shape Intestinal Immune
System Development. ASM News, Volume 71, Number 2, 78-83.
Collado M. C., Meriluoto J., Salminen S. 2007. In vitro analysis of probiotic strain
combinations to inhibit pathogen adhesion to human intestinal mucus.
Food Research International 40 ( 2007) 629-236.
Collado M.C., Surono I.S., Meriluoto J., and Salminen S. 2007. Potential
Probiotic Characteristics of Lactobacillus and Enterococcus Strains
Isolated from Traditional Dadih Fermented Milk against Pathogen
Intestinal Colonization. Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 70, No.3,
_________. 2007. Indigenous Dadih Lactic Acid Bacteria: Cell- Surface
Properties and Interactions with Pathogens. JOURNAL OF FOOD
SCIENCE Vol. 72, Nr.3,89-93.
Corthēsy B., Gaskins H.R., and Mercenier A. 2007. Cross-Talk between Probiotic
bacteria and the Host Immune System. The Journal of Nutrition. P.
Fiocchi C, M.D. 2005. One Commensal Bacterial Molecule – All We Need for
Health?. The NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL of MEDICINE 353;19,20782080.
Fukuda S, Ph.D., Ishikawa H, Ph.D., Koga Y, M.D., Ph.D., Aiba Y., Nakashima
K, M.M.Sc., Cheng L, M.D., and Shirakawa T, M.D., Ph.D. 2004.
Allergic Symptoms and Microflora in Schoolchildren. JOURNAL OF
ADOLESCENT HEALTH 2004; 35:156-158.
Furrie E. 2005. Probiotics and allergy. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
(2005),64, 1-5.
Gossens D., Jonkers D., Stobberingh E., Bogaard A. van den., Russel M.,
Stockbrügger R. 2003. Probiotic in Gastroenterology: Indication and
Future Prespectives. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Disease, 239,
p. 15-23.
42 Universitas Kristen Maranatha
Gueimonde M., Jalonen L., He F., Hiramatsu M., Salminen S. 2006. Adhesion
and competitive inhibition and displacement of human
enteropathogens by selected lactobacilli. Food Research International
39 (2006) 467-471.
Gueimonde M., Margolles A., Gavilàn C.G.de los .R., Salminen S. 2007.
Competitive exclusion of enterpathogens from human intestinal mucus
by Bifidobacterium strains with acquired resistance to bile – A
preliminary study. International Journal of Food Microbiology 113
(2007) 228-232.
Hatakka K. 2007. Probiotic in the prevention of clinical manifestations of
common infectious disease in children and in the elderly. Helsinki:
UNIVERSITY OF HELSINKI. p. 30-31, 33-37, 40-45, 47.
He F., Ouwehand A.C., Hashimoto H., Isolauri E., Benno Y., Salminen S. 2001.
Adhesion of Bifidobacterium Spp. to Human Intestinal Mucus.
Microbiol. Immunol., 45(3), 259-262.
Jones D.J., Irving M.H. 1996. Petunjuk Penting PENYAKIT KOLOREKTAL.
Jakarta : EGC. Hal. 1-3, 19-22, 87-91, 92-94.
Juntunen M., Kirjavainen P.V., Ouwehand A.C., Salminen S.J., and Isolauri E.
2001. Adherence of Probiotic Bacteria to Human Intestinal Mucus in
Healthy Infants and during Rotavirus Infection. CLINICAL AND
Karlsson H., Hessle C., and Rudin A. 2002. Innate Inmmune Responses of Human
Neonatal Cells to Bacteria from the Normal Gastrointestinal Flora.
INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, Dec 2002, 6688-6696.
Kirjavainen P.V., Ouwehand A.C., Isolauri E., and Salminen S. 1998. The ability
of probiotic bacteria to bind to human intestinal mucus. FEMS
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Lactobacillus spp. 2007. Lactobacillus. www.cegep-st-lauren.qc.ca. 28th April
Lee Y.-K and Puong K.-Y. 2002. Competition for adhesion between probiotics
and human gastrointestinal pathogens in the presence of carbohydrate.
British Journal of Nutrition (2002),88, Suppl.1, S101- S108.
43 Universitas Kristen Maranatha
Lee Y.-K., Puong K.-Y., Ouwehand A.C., Salminen S. 2003. Displacement of
bacterial pathogens from mucus and Caco-2 cell surface by
lactobacilli. Journal of Medical Microbiology (2003), 52, 925-930.
MacAdam A. 1993. The effect of gastro-intestinal mucus on drug absorption.
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 11 (1993) 201-220.
Madiedo P.R-.,et al. 2006. Short Communication : Effect of Exopolysaccharide
Isolated from “Viili” on the Adhesion of Probiotics and Pathogens to
Intestinal Mucus. Journal of Dairy Science.89:2355-2358.
Mangin I., et al. 2004. Molecular inventory of faecal microflora in patient with
Chron’s disease. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 50 (2004) 25-36.
Mazmanian S. K., Liu C. H., Tzianabos A.O., and Kasper D.L. 2005. An
Immunomodulatory Molecule of Symbiotic Bacteria Directs
Maturation of the Host Immune System. Cell, Vol.122, 107-118.
Mukosa. 2007. probitic_adhesion. www.neofronteras.com., 26th April 2007.
Nakazawa Y., and Hosono A. 1992. Functions of FERMENTED Milk
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Nurmi E., Nuotio L., and Schnetiz C. 1992. The competitive exclusion concept :
development and future. International journal of Food
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Ouwehand A.C., Kirjavainen P.V., Grönlund M.-M., Isolauri E., Salminen S.J.
1999. Adhesion of probiotic micro-organisms to intestinal mucus.
International Dairy Journal 9 (1999) 623-630.
Ouwehand A.C., Kirjavainen P. V., Shortt C., Salminen S. 1999. Probiotics :
mechanisms and established effects. International Dairy Journal
9(1999) 43-52.
Ouwehand A.C., Salminen S., Roberts P.J., Ovaska J., Salminen E. 2003.
Disease-Dependent Adhesion of Lactic Acid Bacteria to the Human
IMMUNOLOGY, July 2003, p. 643-646.
Ouwehand A.C., Salminen S., Tölkkö S., Roberts P., Ovaska J., Salminen E.
2002. Resected Human Colonic Tissue : New Model for
Characterizing Adhesion of Lactic Acid Bacteria. CLINICAL AND
44 Universitas Kristen Maranatha
Ouwehand A.C., Tuomola E.M., Tölkkö S., Salminen S. 2001. Assesment of
Adhesion properties of novel probiotic strains to human intestinal
mucus. International Journal of Food Microbiology 64 (2001). 119126.
Salminen S., et al. 1998. Demonstration of safety of probiotics – a review.
International Journal of Food Microbiology 44 (1998) 93-106.
Salminen S., Wright A.V., Ouwehand A. 2004. Lactic Acid Bacteria
Microbiological and Functional Aspects. Third Edition, Revised and
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Schneitz C. 2005. Competitive exclusion in polutry- 30 years of research. Food
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Sears C.L. 2001. The toxins of Bacteroides fragilis. Toxicon 39 (2001) 17371746.
Setoyama H., Imaoka A., Ishikawa H., Umesaki Y. 2003. Prevention of gut
inflammation by Bifidobacterium in dextran sulfate-treated gnobiotic
mice associated with Bacteroides strains isolated from ulcerative
colitis patients. Microbes and Infection 5 (2003) 115-122.
Servin A.L. 2003. Adhesion of probiotic strain to the intestinal mucosa and
interaction with pathogens. Best Practice & Research Clinical
Gastroenterology Vol. 17, No.5, pp. 741-754.
Sorokie A.M. 2004. PENCERNAAN Sebagai Kunci HIDUP SEHAT. Penerbit
PT Bhuana Ilmu Populer.Hal. 1-15, 207-290.
Jakarta; YAPMMI. Hal. 4-6,17,45,62-63,102-107,174-178,220-221.
45 Universitas Kristen Maranatha
Tuomola E.M., Ouwehand A.C., Salminen S.J. 1999. The effect of probiotic
bacteria on the adhesion of pathogens to human intestinal mucus.
FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology 26 (1999) 137-142.
Vanderhoof J.A, MD., Whitney D.B, MD., Antonson D.L, MD., Hanner T.L,
RN., Lupo J.V, PhD., and Young R.J, RN, MS. 1999. Lactobacillus
GG in prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children. THE
JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS Vol 135, No. 5,564-568.
Vesterlund S., Paltta J., Karp M., Ouwehand A.C. 2005. Adhesion of bacteria to
resected human colonic tissue: Quantitative analysis of bacterial
adhesion and viability. Research in Microbiology 156 (2005) 238-244.
Vesterlund S., Karp M., Salminen S., and Ouwehand A.C. 2006. Staphylococcus
aureus adheres to human intestinal mucus but can be displaced by
certain lactic acid bacteria. Microbiology 152 (2006), 1819-1826.
What Are Bacteroides?. 2007. http://borg.med.ecu.edu/~webpage/about.html .,
14th May, 2007.
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lactobacillus_rhamnosus., 28th August,
Zhou J.S., Pillidge C.J., Gopal P.K., Gill H.S. 2005. Antibiotic susceptibility
profiles of new probiotic Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains.
International Journal of Food Microbiology 98 (2005) 211-217.
46 Universitas Kristen Maranatha
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