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1.Law 285/1997: Promotion of rights and opportunities for children 2

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1.Law 285/1997: Promotion of rights and opportunities for children 2
Caritas Diocesana di Trieste
PARTICIPATION
and
EMPOWERMENT
BILBAO, 22-25 March 2011
1
LEGAL FRAMEWORK #1
• National issues
1.Law 285/1997: Promotion of rights and opportunities for children
- Involvement of children and families in services’ design and management
- Promotion of partecipation of children and adolescents to local community life
2.Law 328/2000: Integrated system of social welfare
- Support to parenthood
- Active partecipation of families in the definition of educational programmes
- Experience exchanges within families inside services for children
3.2001: Modification of the V title of National Constitution
2
LEGAL FRAMEWORK #2
• Regional laws
1.Law 20/2005: Integrated educational system of services for children
- Co-responsability between families and educators in the services
- Active partecipation of families in development and evaluation of
educational programs
2.Law 6/2006: Integreted system of servicec for social
citizenship promotion and protection
- Promotion of services of self and mutual help within families
3.Law 11/2006: Services for families and parenthoood
- Promotion of families associations and experiences of self-organization
- Promotion of meetings between groups of parents for educational
approaches exchanges
3
AVAILABLE SERVICES for children
• COMUNE di TRIESTE
 Social assistance for minors
 Nursery schools and kindergartens
 Young centers (“Ricreatori”)
• AZIENDA SANITARIA
 UOBA (health services for children and adolescents)
 Family guidance service(“consultorio”?)
• PRIVATE ASSOCIATIONS AND
COOPERATIVES
 Nursery schools
 “Educativa di strada” (meeting youngs in informal services)
 Services and centers for children socialization
 Parenthood support
4
PROJECTS and
EXPERIENCES
1) CARITAS TRIESTE
5
CASA “LA MADRE”
Care house for women and mothers with children.
“Una tata per amica”: new project in
association with CAV.
baby sitting and support for parents
6
FOR A CHILD-FRIENDLY
JUSTICE
Project in association with USSM (Department for
Minor Justice).
Young crime prevention
Support for work starting
Social inclusion of young people at risk of
deviance and alienation
7
Network against poverty
Caritas Trieste is part of a network of 5
associations working on sociali and
educational services with children
Aims:
- Analyzing the condition of child poverty in Trieste
(i.e. Conference “Give them a change” in january 2010)
- Monitoring laws and public/private responses to child poverty
- Proposing educational actions to prevent child poverty
(i.e. training courses to support parenthood)
8
FOCUS ON SCHOOL
Caritas takes care of educative needs of
children, by keeping in touch with schools
and making school equipments available
for children.
“World Citizens” project
Educational school training for students on poverty and
intercultural issues
9
NEW PROJECTS 2011
• CIVIL SERVICE (community service for
young 16-18 y.o.)
• FEI (European Integration Fund): project
on intercultural exchange at school
• Baby parking in local parish:
intergenerational exchange, conjuction of
grandparents, parents and children;
support for professional integration
10
PROJECTS and
EXPERIENCES
2) LOCAL SERVICES AND
REALITIES
11
• CAV (Progetto Gemma):support to difficult
parenthood
• Ass. ANTANDES: families association
• SAN MARTINO AL CAMPO: young center
• VILLAGGIO DEL FANCIULLO: training
• «EDUCATIVA DI STRADA» and SOCIAL
COOPERATIVES
12
THE CHALLENGE
HOW TO APPROACH AND INVOLVE
ADULTS AND FAMILIES TO
PREVENT CHILD POVERTY AND
OVERCOME INTERGENERATIONAL
TRASMISSION OF POVERTY?
13
Case-study - Luigi
•
•
19 years old guy, early abandonded by his mother and with an heavy drinker
father
Manifold experiences in residential child-care institutions
INSTITUTIONALISATION and
development of PSYCHIATRIC PROBLEMS
•
Accomodated in Caritas care-house «Teresiano»
TOO LATE TO INTERVENE and difficulties to carry
forward an educative project, because of the deterioration of
the psychological and family situation
14
Case-study - Tahir
•
•
•
•
21 years old guy, born in Albania with mother immigrated in Italy
She legally reunited with him in Trieste but the social re-integration failed
Justice deviancy problems
development of PSICOLOGICAL PROBLEMS
•
Social activities instead of prison’s penalty with tutors involvement in
relationship promotion
social job in Caritas care-house “Teresiano”
•
•
Intercultural problems with the female actors of the project
Family lacks and poverty
15
PITFALLS
• Giving answers to single needs for the single
component of the family
• Lack of preventional social actions
• Uneasy access to the Welfare system
• Lack of nursery schools
16
NEW HORIZONS for PARTICIPATION
and EMPOWEREMENT
• Enhancing education for children and parents
• Fostering the integration of people socially
excluded
• Financial support and Microcredit access
(educational support for a correct approach to home budget)
• Creating and providing appropriate spaces to
approach families
• Keeping in touch with the single and the family
after the end of the project
17
Thank you for your attention
Marco Aliotta
Alberto Flego
Marta Mariani
18
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