Discovery and Settlement Vocabulary
Discovery and Settlement Vocabulary Vocabulary Word Paleo-Indians Name______________________Date____Hour____Points Definition Reflection Restate Definition The first people who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the American continents. Example: Ice Age Period of long-term reduction in the temperature of the Earth's surface and atmosphere. Connection: Bering Strait Mound Builders Beringia – Name given by historians to the land bridge that connected Asia and North American during the Ice Age Farming villages in eastern North America. They were known because they buried clan member in large earth mounds. Example: Early cultures of the Southwest that typically grew corn, beans, and squash. Hohokam and Anasazi groups lived in this area. Southwestern Native People What were the Hohokam known for? Picture Iroquois Confederacy A Native American confederacy inhabiting New York State and originally composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca peoples, known as the Five Nations. One of America’s earliest democracies. Define Democracy Matriarchal Leadership Society in which females, especially mothers, have the central roles of political leadership, moral authority, and control of property. Example: Originating in and characteristic of a particular region or country Indigenous Example of a plant indigenous to the Americas Human Migration Movement by humans from one place to another, sometimes over long distances or in large groups. Why would people migrate? Colonization refers strictly to migration, of settlers to colonies, trading posts, and plantations. Colonization Name one early colony. Push Pull Factors Push and pull factors are terms often used for migration. Push factors are factors or causes with which people tend to be pushed away or repelled from certain locations; while pull factors are those conditions that attract people to a particular location. Example – Push and Pull Columbian Exchange The transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa Example: House of Burgesses Puritans Quakers Americas first law-making body, formed in July 1619 by representatives from different communities in Virginia A group of English Protestants who wanted to “purify” the English Church of England through reforms; the established the Massachusetts Bay Colony and other colonies in New England in the early and mid 1600s Quakers were known for their use of thou as an ordinary pronoun, refusal to participate in war, plain dress, refusal to swear oaths, and opposition to alcohol. Connection: Catholics World’s largest Christian church. Connection: Protestants Any of several church denominations denying the universal authority of the Pope and affirming the Reformation principles of justification by faith alone Example: Farming society Agrarian Indentured Servant Slavery How does farming change early communities? Men and women whose employers pay for passage to the country they wish to emigrate to, food and shelter, in return the indentures servants agree to work for the employer for a certain number of years, usually five or seven. System under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are forced to work What is the difference between slavery and indentured servitude? French and Indian War War fought between France and England in the 1750s over territorial claims in North America What does this lead to?