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Umbria is our region. Its name derives from the ancient Umbri, the first inhabitants of the area. Umbria is called the “green heart of Italy” because it is situated in the centre of Italy and because it’s a very green region thanks to its hills and fields. As a consequence agriculture is one of the most important activities in our region, but there are also industries and handscraft activities. In Umbria there are two main cities: Perugia (50 kms from Città di Castello) and Terni. Near Terni there are the Marmore Falls for hidroelectric energy. Dam of Montedoglio THE TERRITORY After the 35 km travelled in Tuscany, the Tiber crosses for about 66 km the Tifernate Valley. The so-called “veins of the Tiber” are two streamlets that merge after a short journey and constitute the source that springs from the eastern watersheds of Monte Fumaiolo. The Tiber has a water course with a pluvial regimen, it has a widespread network of tributaries. The Dam of Montedoglio rises in the Tuscan part of the valley to the north of Anghiari. This is a pharaonic barricade of earth that modifies the hydrographic and climatic order of the valley. CLIMATE The Upper Valley of the Tiber is situated in the heart of the peninsula and has a temperate climate. Temperatures vary remarkably and can be extremely hot or cold. Rain is relatively abundant and renders the climate humid. More conspicuous rainfalls take place when masses of hot air of Atlantic origin and cold air of continental origin come into contact with our latitude. Città di Castello is a town on the river Tiber. It lies on a green valley and it is surrounded by hills. Città di Castello has a Roman origin because it was an important Roman “municipium”. During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance a lot of beautiful monuments were built…….. (there are only two in Italy). What you can see in the virtual world of Fantasia…. In Città di Castello there are two main squares. In the city centre you can find a lot of cafès and bars that especially in summer are open till late because people like stayng out to have a chat with friends, to drink somethig sitting at the cafè tables, to listen and watch the shows organized in the squares:music, concerts, dancing. It is above all the small and very small businesses that characterise the valley’s economy. Many are artisan in origin and sink their roots in centuries of local history. Today there are about 170 typographies present in the valley, the oldest is the Grifani-Donati, today a museum. One of the oldest artisan activities is the production of ceramics, of wrought iron, leather items and antique furniture. The sector of antique furniture has been experiencing a real boom, every year there is an annual furniture exhibition. Grifani-Donati Economic Resources The “Tela Umbra” laboratory, created in 1908 by the Barons Alice and Leopoldo Franchetti, keeps alive the tradition of quality products of very great value: fabrics of pure linen and table cloths. Famous Umbrians Umbria is a region of Saints and high spirituality, many Umbrian Saints are worthy being remembered like: Blessed Margherita from Città di Castello (1287-1320) She was blind and deformed and lived in prayer and privation which refined her spirituality. She belonged to the Dominian Third Order and helped the sick and poor. St. Francis from Assisi (1182-1226): Born in Assisi, son of a wealthy merchant. After a terrible illness, he converted to a mystic life and donated all his belongings to the poor. In absolute poverty he preached peace and love. He was a mystic, missionary and founded The Franciscan Order. He received the stigmata on La Verna. Ill and almost blind he returned to Asssisi where he composed the Canticle of Brother Sun . Pope Pius XII proclaimed him patron saint of Italy. Other famous Umbrian Saints are: St. Benedict from Norcia, St. Clare of Assisi, St. Chiara from Montefalco, St. Rita from Cascia, St. Ercolano from Perugia, St. Constance from Perugia, St. Fortunato from Todi, St. Ubaldo from Gubbio, St. Valentine from Terni (the world protector of those in love). Other Famous Umbrians Braccio Fortebraccio from Montone was a famous “condottiero” (1368-1424) who served under the Montefeltro family. In 1424 he was Lord of Perugia. Iacopone da Todi (1236-1306) he entered the Order Minor. He composed famous Lauds which are the highest expressions in Italian literature before Dante. Pietro Vannucci called Perugino (1446-1523) He was a painter and worked in Umbria, Tuscany and in Rome. He was Raphael’s maestro and some of his masterpieces can be seen at the Galleria Nazionale dell’Umbria in Perugia. He is amongst the greatest Italian painters of all times. Bernardino di Betto called Pinturicchio (1454-1513) he was a great painter and worked in Umbria and in Rome (Sistine Chapel). “Madonna col bambino” Bernardino di Betto called Pinturicchio Alberto Burri (1915-1995) Born in Città di Castello he became a famous painter in the Fifties provoking scandal with his I Sacchi, Le Combustioni, I Ferri and I Cretti. His works were donated to the town in 1981 and can be admired at Palazzo Albizzini and at the former Tabacco drying-rooms. Luisa Spagnoli (1877-1835) born in Perugia, she founded the first Italian clothes made of angora wool. Since 1930 it has been the most important industry in this sector in the world. Tourists come to Città di Castello all year around to see the famous paintings of Luca Signorelli and Piero della Francesca in the Art Gallery and the works of Alberto Burri, a contemporary artist born in our town and famous all over the world. In Città di Castello there are a lot of cultural and traditional events and shows: the Festival of the Nations, wich is a classical music event devoted to a different foreign country every year Horse Exhibition in September and finally the wood products exhibition where you can eat and smell the famous truffles and porcini mushrooms. Our school takes its name from Ippolito Salviani who was a famous medical doctor born in Città di Castello in 1514 and worked as the Pope’s doctor and published “Acquatilium animalium historia”. It’s a technical high school where you can attend two different courses: for land surveyors or for accountants and computer programmars. The End… …Enjoy yourself in Italy!!!