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the passive

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the passive
THE
PASSIVE
THE PASSIVE
Millions of people speak Spanish.
Forma
attiva
Simple
present
Spanish
is spoken BY millions of people.
Verbo
essere al
presente
(am/is/are)
+
Participio
passato
Forma
passiva
Simple
present
THE PASSIVE – positive form
Japanese cooks make the best sushi.
The best sushi is made BY Japanese cooks.
My family loves me.
I am loved BY my family.
J. K. Rowling writes a lot of books.
A lot of books are written BY J.K. Rowling.
Simple
present
THE PASSIVE – negative form
Italian cooks don’t make the best sushi.
The best sushi isn’t made BY Italian cooks.
My family doesn’t love me.
I ‘m not loved BY my family.
My sister doesn’t write many books.
Many books
aren’t
written
BY my sister.
Simple
present
THE PASSIVE – interrogative form
Simple
present
Do Japanese cooks make the best sushi?
Is
the best sushi
made BY Japanese cooks?
Does my family love me?
Am I
loved
BY my family?
Does J.K. Rowling write many books?
Are
many books
written
BY J.K. Rowling?
THE PASSIVE
Columbus discovered America.
Forma
attiva
Simple
past
America
was
Verbo
essere al
passato
(was/were)
discovered
+
Participio
passato
BY Columbus.
Forma
passiva
Simple
past
THE PASSIVE – positive form
Simple
past
Manzoni wrote The Betrothed and The Fifth of May.
The Betrothed and The Fifth of May were written
A ball hit me yesterday.
I was hit BY a ball yesterday.
A mad fan killed John Lennon.
John Lennon was killed
BY a mad fan.
BY Manzoni.
THE PASSIVE – negative form
Simple
past
Leopardi didn’t write The Betrothed and The Fifth of May.
The Betrothed and The Fifth of May weren’t written BY Leopardi.
A ball didn’t hit me yesterday.
I wasn’t hit
BY a ball yesterday.
Mafia didn’t kill John Lennon.
John Lennon wasn’t killed
BY mafia.
THE PASSIVE – interrogative form
Simple
past
Did Manzoni write The Betrothed and The Fifth of May?
Were The Betrothed and The Fifth of May written
Did a ball hit me yesterday?
Was I
hit BY a ball yesterday?
Did a mad fan kill John Lennon?
Was
John Lennon killed
BY a mad fan?
BY Manzoni?
THE PASSIVE
other tenses
THE PASSIVE
The bricklayers are building a new gym.
Forma
attiva
Present
continuous
A new gym
is being
Verbo essere al
present continuous
(am/is/are being)
built
BY the bricklayers.
Forma
passiva
+
Participio
passato
Present
continuous
THE PASSIVE
The bricklayers have built a new gym.
Forma
attiva
Present
perfect
A new gym
has been
Verbo essere al
present perfect
(has/have been)
+
built
BY the bricklayers.
Participio
passato
Forma
passiva
Present
perfect
THE PASSIVE
The bricklayers will build a new gym.
Forma
attiva
Modal
verb
A new gym
will be
Modal verb + BE
(will/can/should be)
+
built
BY the bricklayers.
Participio
passato
Forma
passiva
Modal
verb
THE PASSIVE
The bricklayers should have built a new gym.
Forma
attiva
Modal verb
al passato
A new gym
should have been
Modal verb + HAVE BEEN
(will/can/should have been)
built BY the bricklayers.
Forma
passiva
+
Participio
passato
Modal verb
al passato
THE PASSIVE
Spesso si usa quando non si specifica chi compie l’azione.
Parmesan is produced in Italy.
English is spoken here.
The thief was arrested two days ago.
The Berlin Wall was demolished in 1989.
Two banks were robbed last week.
Some mistakes were made in the test.
A lot of bikes are stolen in Padua every day.
‘Often’ can be pronounced in two ways.
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